Book chapter

International Standardization of FTV

Masayuki Tanimoto
Nagoya University and Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, Japan


FTV (Free-viewpoint Television) is visual media that transmits all ray information of a 3D space and enables immersive 3D viewing. The international standardization of FTV has been conducted in MPEG. The first phase of FTV is multiview video coding (MVC), and the second phase is 3D video (3DV). The third phase of FTV is MPEG-FTV, which targets revolutionized viewing of 3D scenes via super multiview, free navigation, and 360-degree 3D. After the success of exploration experiments and Call for Evidence, MPEG-FTV moved MPEG Immersive project (MPEG-I), where it is in charge of video part as MPEG-I Visual. MPEG-I will create standards for immersive audio-visual services.
Read more

Keywords: FTV, Free-Viewpoint Television, Standardization, Mpeg



Pages: 92-99

Published by: Firenze University Press

Publication year: 2018

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-707-8.23

Download PDF

© 2018 Author(s)
Content licence CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence CC0 1.0


Publication year: 2018

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-707-8.23

Download XML

© 2018 Author(s)
Content licence CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence CC0 1.0


  1. Masayuki Tanimoto, “Free Viewpoint Television,” The Journal of Three Dimensional Images, vol.15, no.3, pp.17-22, September 2001 (in Japanese).
  2. Masayuki Tanimoto, “Free Viewpoint Television - FTV”, Picture Coding Symposium 2004, Special Session 5, December 2004.
  3. Masayuki Tanimoto, “Overview of Free Viewpoint Television,” Signal Processing: Image Communication, vol. 21, no. 6,pp. 454-461,July 2006.
  4. Masayuki Tanimoto, Mehrdad Panahpour Tehrani, Toshiaki Fujii, Tomohiro Yendo, “FreeViewpoint TV”, IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, vol.28, no.1, pp.67-76, January 2011.
  5. M. Tanimoto, M. P. Tehrani, T. Fujii, T. Yendo, “FTV for 3-D Spatial Communication”, Proceedings of the IEEE, Vol. 100, No. 4, pp. 905-917, April 2012. (invited paper)
  6. Masayuki Tanimoto, “FTV: Free-viewpoint Television”, Signal Processing:Image Communication, Vol. 27, Issue 6, pp. 555-570 (June 2012). (invited paper)
  7. Masayuki Tanimoto, “FTV (Free-viewpoint Television)”, APSIPA Transactions on Signal and Information Processing, Vol. 1, Issue 1, e4 (14 pages), August 2012. (invited paper)
  8. Masayuki Tanimoto, “FTV (Free-viewpoint Television) and its International Standardization”, IEIE Transactions on Smart Processing and Computing, vol. 6, no. 6, pp.415-427, December 2017. (Invited paper)
  9. T. Fujii, “A Basic Study on Integrated 3-D Visual Communication”, Ph.D dissertation in engineering, The University of Tokyo, 1994 (in Japanese).
  10. T. Fujii, T. Kimoto and M. Tanimoto, “Ray Space Coding for 3D Visual Communication,” Picture Coding Symposium 1996, pp. 447-451, March 1996.
  11. M. Tanimoto, A. Nakanishi, T. Fujii and T. Kimoto, “The Hierarchical Ray-Space for Scalable 3-D Image Coding”, Picture Coding Symposium 2001, pp. 81-84, April 2001.
  12. T. Fujii and M. Tanimoto, “Free-viewpoint Television based on the Ray-Space representation”, Proc. SPIE ITCom 2002, pp. 175-189, August 2002.
  13. M. Tanimoto and T. Fujii, “ FTV - Free Viewpoint Television ” , ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11, M8595, July 2002.
  14. “Introduction to Multi-view Video Coding”, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29/WG11, N7328, July 2005.
  15. “Introduction to 3D Video”, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N9784, May 2008.
  16. M. Tanimoto, T. Senoh, S. Naito, S. Shimizu, H. Horimai, M. Domański, A. Vetro, M. Preda and K. Mueller, “Proposal on a New Activity for the Third Phase of FTV,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2013/M30229, Vienna, Austria, July 2013.
  17. “Working Draft 0.1 of Technical Report on Immersive Media,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2017/N16718, Geneva, Switzerland, January 2017.
  18. A. Vetro, T. Wiegand, and G. J. Sullivan, “Overview of the Stereo and Multiview Video Coding Extensions of the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC Standard”, Proc. IEEE, vol. 99, no. 4, pp. 626–642, Apr. 2011.
  19. “Applications and Requirements on 3D Video Coding”, ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N10570, April 2009.
  20. Yuji Mori, Norishige Fukushima, Tomohiro Yendo, Toshiaki Fujii, Masayuki Tanimoto, “View Generation with 3D Warping Using Depth Information for FTV,” Signal Processing: Image Communication, Volume 24, Issue 1-2 pp.65-72, January 2009.
  21. Masayuki Tanimoto, Toshiaki Fujii, Mehrdad Panahpour Tehrani and Menno Wildeboer, “Depth Estimation Reference Software (DERS) 4.0,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2009/M16605, London, UK, June 2009.
  22. Masayuki Tanimoto, Toshiaki Fujii and Kazuyoshi Suzuki, “View synthesis algorithm in View Synthesis Reference Software 2.0 (VSRS2.0),” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2009/M16090, Lausanne, Switzerland, February 2009.
  23. “Standardization Tracks Considered in 3D Video Coding,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG, N12434, December 2011.
  24. Kazuyoshi Suzuki, Masayuki Tanimoto, "Global View Depth Format for FTV Data", Proceedings of IWAIT 2013, 3B-1, pp.198 - 201, Nagoya Japan, January 7-9, 2013.
  25. “Use Cases and Requirements on Free-viewpoint Television (FTV),” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2014/N14178, San Jose, USA, February 2014.
  26. “Use Cases and Requirements on Free-viewpoint Television (FTV) v.3,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2016/N16130, San Diego, USA, January 2016.
  27. “Description of Exploration Experiments on Free-viewpoint Television (FTV),” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2013/N14105, Geneva, Switzerland, October 2013.
  28. “Call for Evidence on Free-Viewpoint Television: Super-Multiview and Free Navigation,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2015/N15348, Warsaw, Poland, June 2015.
  29. “FTV software framework,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2015/N15349, Warsaw, Poland, June 2015.
  30. “Summary of the results of the Call for Evidence on Free-Viewpoint Television: SuperMultiview and Free Navigation,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2016/N16318, Geneva, Switzerland, June 2016.
  31. “FTV test material summary,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2016/N16521, Chengdu, China, October 2016.
  32. “FTV software summary,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2016/N16522, Chengdu, China, October 2016.
  33. “Working Draft 1.0 of TR: Technical Report on Architectures for Immersive Media,” ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 MPEG2017/N17067, Torino, Italy, July 2017.

Export citation

Selected format

Usage statistics policy

  • 58Chapter Downloads

Cita come:
Tanimoto, M.; 2018; International Standardization of FTV. Firenze, Firenze University Press.


Indici e aggregatori bibliometrici