Book chapter

Welfare and demography in the time of Malthus. Regional and local variations in poor relief and population developments in Flanders, c. 1750-1810

Isabelle Devos
Ghent University, Belgium - ORCID: 0000-0002-6111-711X

Thijs Lambrecht
Ghent University, Belgium - ORCID: 0000-0001-5587-5128

Anne Winter
VUB, Free University of Brussels, Belgium - ORCID: 0000-0002-9139-8282


ABOUT THIS CHAPTER

Flanders represents a particularly interesting region for research that aims to investigate the development of socio-economic inequalities at the local and regional level. The relationship between and effects of structural socio-economic characteristics on the one hand and micro-level variations on the other hand remain unclear. The data collected by the STREAM project (streamproject.ugent.be) together with its tailored geographical information system (GIS) allow us to explore these relationships for the rural parishes of early modern Flanders. In this chapter we examine spatial patterns in poor relief and demographic behaviour and how these were interrelated.
Read more

Keywords: economic inequality, economic history, low countries, flanders, pre-industrial age

Formats

PDF

Pages: 327-350

Published by: Firenze University Press

Publication year: 2020

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.22

Download PDF

© 2020 Author(s)
Content licence CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence CC0 1.0

XML

Publication year: 2020

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-053-5.22

Download XML

© 2020 Author(s)
Content licence CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence CC0 1.0

References

  1. Alter G. and Gutmann M. (2005), Belgian Historical Demography as Viewed from North America: Protoindustrialization, Fertility Decline, and the Use of Population Registers, «Belgisch Tijdschrift voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis», 35, 4: 523-546.
  2. Blaug M. (1963), The Myth of the Old Poor Law and the Making of the New, «Journal of Economic History», 23, 2: 151-184.
  3. Blaug M. (1964), The Poor Law Reexamined, «Journal of Economic History», 24, 2: 229-245.
  4. Boldrin M. and Jones L.E. (2002), Mortality, Fertility, and Saving in a Malthusian Economy, «Review of Economic Dynamics», 5, 4: 775–814.
  5. Boyer G.R. (1989), Malthus was Right After All: Poor Relief and Birth Rates in Southeastern England, «Journal of Political Economy», 97, 1: 93-114.
  6. Boyer G.R. (1990), An Economic History of the English Poor Law, 1750-1850, Cambridge.
  7. Caldwell J.C. (1976), Toward a Restatement of Demographic Transition Theory, «Population and Development Review», 2, 3-4: 321–366.
  8. Clark G. and Page M.E., Welfare reform, 1834: Did the New Poor Law in England Produce Significant Economic Gains?, «Cliometrica», 13, 2: 221-244.
  9. Dalle G. (1963), De bevolking van Veurne-Ambacht in de 17de en de 18de eeuw, Brussels.
  10. De Belder J., Gyssels C, Jaspers L. and Vandenbroeke C. (1983), Arbeid en tewerkstelling in Oost-Vlaanderen op het einde van het Ancien Regime: een socio-professionele en demografische analyse. Werkdocumenten, Ghent.
  11. De Belder J., Gyssels C, Jaspers L. and Vandenbroeke C. (1984), Arbeid en tewerkstelling in West-Vlaanderen op het einde van het Ancien Regime: een socio-professionele en demografische analyse. Werkdocumenten, Ghent.
  12. De Smet J. (1929), De toestand van de Kastelnij Kortrijk in 1765, «Handelingen van de Geschied- en Oudheidkundige Kring van Kortrijk», 8: 103-107.
  13. De Swaan A. (1988), In Care of the State: Health Care, Education, and Welfare in Europe and the USA in the Modern Era, Oxford.
  14. Depauw E. (2017), Tall Farmers and Tiny Weavers. Rural Living Standards and Heights in Flanders, 1830-1870, «Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geschiedenis/The Low Countries Journal of Social and Economic History», 14, 3: 56-84.
  15. Deprez P. (1960), Mémoire Statistique du Département de l'Escaut par M. Faipoult, Ghent [1805].
  16. Deschacht N. and Winter A. (2019), Micro-Mobility in Flux: Municipal Migration Levels in the Provinces of Flanders and Antwerp, 1796-1846, «Journal of Migration History», 5, 1: 1-30.
  17. Devos I. (1999), Marriage and Economic Conditions in Belgium since 1700, in Devos I. and Kennedy L. (eds.), Marriage and Rural Economy: Western Europe since 1400, Turnhout: 101-133.
  18. Devos I. (2001), Malaria in Vlaanderen tijdens de 18de en 19de eeuw, in Parmentier J. and Spanoghe S. (eds.), Orbis in Orbem. Liber Amicorum John Everaert, Ghent: 197-233.
  19. Devos I. et. al. (2018), STREAM. A Spatio-Temporal Research Infrastructure for Early Modern Flanders and Brabant: Sources, Data and Methods, «International Journal of Humanities and Arts Computing», 12, 2: 102-119.
  20. Digby A. (1983), Malthus and the Reform of the Poor Law, in Dupaquier J. and Fauve-Chamoux A. (eds.), Malthus Past and Present, London: 157-169.
  21. Gyssels G. and Van Der Straeten L. (1986), Bevolking, arbeid en tewerkstelling in West-Vlaanderen (1796-1815), Ghent.
  22. Hindle S. (2004), On the Parish: The Micro-Politics of Poor Relief in Rural England c.1550-1750, Oxford.
  23. Hofstee E.W. (1983), Geboorten, zuigelingenvoeding en zuigelingensterfte in hun regionale verscheidenheid in de 19de eeuw, «Bevolking en Gezin», supplement: 7-60.
  24. Huzel J.P. (1969), Malthus, the Poor Law and Population in Early Nineteenth-Century England, «Economic History Review», 22, 1: 430-452.
  25. Huzel J.P. (1969), Malthus, the Poor Law and Population in Early Nineteenth-Century England, «Economic History Review», 22, 3: 430-452.
  26. Huzel J.P. (1980), The Demographic Impact of the Old Poor Law: More Reflections on Malthus, «Economic History Review», 33, 3: 367-381.
  27. Kelly M. And O’grada C. (2011), The Poor Law of Old England: Institutional Innovation and Demographic Regimes, in «Journal of Interdisciplinary History», 41, 3: 339-366.
  28. Knottnerus O. (2002), Malaria around the North Sea: a survey, in Wefer G., Berger W., Behre K.E. and Jansen E. (eds.), Climate Development and History of the North Atlantic Realm, Berlin: 339-353.
  29. Lambrecht T. and Winter A. (2017), De vele gezichten van zorg: armoede en armenzorg op het platteland in het graafschap Vlaanderen tijdens de achttiende eeuw, «Tijd-Schrift», 7, 1: 44-57.
  30. Lis C. and Soly H. (1979), Poverty and Capitalism in Pre-Industrial Europe, Bristol.
  31. Patriquin L. (2007), Agrarian Capitalism and Poor Relief in England, 1500-1860: Rethinking the Origins of the Welfare State, Basingstoke.
  32. Pelling M. And Smith R.M. (1991), Life, Death and the Elderly: Historical Perspectives, London.
  33. T. Lambrecht, A. Winter, An Old Poor Law on the Continent? Agrarian Capitalism, Poor Taxes, and Village Conflict in Eighteenth-Century Coastal Flanders, in «Economic History Review», 71, 2018, n. 4, pp. 1173-119.
  34. Thoen E. (2001), A “Commercial Survival Economy” in Evolution: The Flemish Countryside and the Transition to Capitalism (Middle Ages - 19th Century), in Hoppenbrouwer P. and Van Zanden J.L. (eds.), Peasants into Farmers? The Transformation of Rural Economy and Society in the Low Countries (Middle Ages-19th Century) in Light of the Brenner Debate, Turnhout: 102-157.
  35. Van Den Broeck N., Lambrecht T. and Winter A. (2018), Preindustrial Welfare between Regional Economies and Local Regimes: Rural Poor Relief in Flanders around 1800, «Continuity and Change», 33, 2: 255-284.
  36. Vandenbroeke C. (1984), Le cas flamand: évolution sociale et comportements démographiques aux XVIIe-XIXe siècles, «Annales Economies Sociétés Civilisations», 39, 5 : 915-938.
  37. Vandenbroeke C., Devos I. and Lambrecht T. (eds.) (2004), Bevolking, voeding en levensstandaard in het verleden. Verzamelde studies van Prof. dr. Chris Vandenbroeke, Ghent.
  38. Vandenbroeke C., Van Poppel F. and Van Der Woude A. (1981), De zuigelingen- en kindersterfte in België en Nederland in seculair perspectief, «Tijdschrift voor Geschiedenis», 94: 461-491.
  39. Vanderpijpen W. (1988), De proto-industrialisatie in Vlaanderen. Een grote regionale diversiteit, in Witte E. and Hannes J. (eds.), Arbeid in veelvoud, Een huldeboek voor Jan Craeybeckx en Etienne Scholliers, Brussels: 123-130.
  40. Vanhaute E. and Lambrecht T. (2011), Famine, exchange networks and the village community. A comparative analysis of the subsistence crises of the 1740s and the 1840s in Flanders, «Continuity and Change», 26, 2: 155-186.
  41. Vrielinck S. (2000), De territoriale indeling van België (1795-1963): bestuurs-geografisch en statistisch repertorium van de gemeenten en de supra-communale eenheden (administratief en gerechtelijk), Leuven.
  42. Williams S. (2004), Malthus, Marriage and Poor Law Allowances Revisted: a Bedfordshire Case Study, 1770-1834, «Agricultural History Review», 52, 1: 56-82.
  43. Williams S. (2011), Poverty, Gender and Life-Cycle under the English Poor Law, 1760-1834, Woodbridge.
  44. Winter A. and Lambrecht T. (2013), Migration, Poor Relief and Local Autonomy: Settlement Policies in England and the Southern Low Countries in the Eighteenth Century, «Past and Present», 218, 1: 91-126.
  45. Wrigley E.A. (2018), The Preventive Check and the Poor Law: The Malthusian Model and Its Implications in Stimson S.C. (ed.), Thomas Robert Malthus. An Essay on the Principle of Population. The 1803 Edition, New Haven-London: 516-533.
  46. Wrigley E.A. and Schofield R.S. (1981), The Population History of England, 1541-1871: a Reconstruction, London.

Export citation

Selected format

Usage statistics policy

  • 19Chapter Downloads

Cita come:
Devos, I.; Lambrecht, T.; Winter, A.; 2020; Welfare and demography in the time of Malthus. Regional and local variations in poor relief and population developments in Flanders, c. 1750-1810. Firenze, Firenze University Press.


Distributori


Indici e aggregatori bibliometrici