Il capitalismo è ancora progressivo?

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Perrotta, C.; 2020; Il capitalismo è ancora progressivo?. Firenze, Firenze University Press.


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Il capitalismo è ancora progressivo?

Cosimo Perrotta
University of Salento, Italy - ORCID: 0000-0003-0150-8765

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DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-208-9 Series: Studi e saggi ISSN 2704-6478 (print) - ISSN 2704-5919 (online)

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This book explains the nature of capitalism both as a production system and as a historical process. Capitalism has superseded the systems based on rent and privileges, has freed up enterprise, brought in competition, set merit above corporative relations and patronage; has created a steady increase in wealth. The process has generated the development of the middle classes, a critical culture civil rights and democracy. However, the pursuit of profit has always tended to op-press the weaker categories and rob the less advanced economies. These two contrary trends cannot coexist indefinitely. Today the essential clash is between welfare for all and neoliberalism, based on increasing inequalities, rising financial rents and the exploitation of workers.

Questo libro spiega la natura del capitalismo come sistema di produzione e come processo storico. Il capitalismo ha superato i sistemi basati sulla rendita e i privilegi e ha creato la libertà di iniziativa e di lavoro, la concorrenza, la prevalenza del merito sui rapporti corporativi o clientelari, la crescita stabile della ricchezza. Ciò ha permesso lo sviluppo dei ceti medi, della cultura critica, dei diritti civili, della democrazia. Tuttavia il profitto ha sempre tentato di opprimere i più deboli e di rapinare i paesi arretrati. Queste due opposte tendenze non possono convivere indefinitamente. Oggi l’allargamento del benessere a tutti si scontra col neoliberismo, basato sulla crescita delle disuguaglianze, l’aumento delle rendite, l’iper-sfruttamento del lavoro.

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Keywords: capitalism, economic freedom, accumulation, wages, middle classes, inequality

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