Intellettuali in fuga dall’Italia fascista

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Guarnieri, P.; 2019; Intellettuali in fuga dall’Italia fascista. Firenze, Firenze University Press.


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Intellettuali in fuga dall’Italia fascista

Migranti, esuli e rifugiati per motivi politici e razziali

Patrizia Guarnieri
University of Florence, Italy - ORCID: 0000-0002-6464-5591

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DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3 Series: Biblioteca di storia ISSN 2464-9007 (print) - ISSN 2704-5986 (online)

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© 2019 Author(s)
Published by Firenze University Press

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The project draws attention to the emigration of intellectuals during fascism. Italy is usually considered a land of poor and uneducated migrants. But during the twenty years of Fascism, especially after the anti-Jewish laws, professionals, students and scholars, including foreigners, expatriated alone or with families to the Americas, England, Palestine, Switzerland. It is a limited but important phenomenon of brain drain, which in the case of Italy has yet to be investigated. Who were the people who forcedly left in search of freedom, work, and then salvation, and what did they do? Their names and stories were cancelled. In this volume, there is an attempt to reconstruct their lives thanks to foreign archives, letters and scattered memories. What difficulties did they face in their host countries? How many of them returned? The stories speak of irreparable losses to the detriment of the country, of responsibilities and injustices, but also of resources and talents of Italian culture, of commitment and determination. The project was promoted by the University of Florence and funded by the Tuscany Regional Authority, with the sponsorship of the New York Public Library, Council for At-Risk Academics, and J. Calandra Italian American Institute.

Il progetto richiama l’attenzione sull’emigrazione intellettuale dal fascismo. L’Italia è di solito considerata terra di migranti poveri e senza istruzione. Ma durante il ventennio, specie dopo le leggi antiebraiche, professionisti, studenti e studiosi anche stranieri espatriarono soli o con le famiglie nelle Americhe, in Inghilterra, in Palestina, in Svizzera. È un fenomeno limitato ma importante di brain drain, per l’Italia non ancora indagato. Chi erano e cosa fecero quanti forzatamente partirono in cerca di libertà, lavoro, e poi salvezza? I loro nomi, le loro storie vennero cancellate. Qui si cerca di ricostruirle grazie ad archivi esteri, a lettere e memorie disperse. Quali difficoltà incontrarono nei paesi di accoglienza? Quanti tornarono? Le storie parlano di perdite irreparabili a danno del paese, di responsabilità e ingiustizie, ma anche di risorse e talenti della cultura italiana, di impegno e determinazione. Il progetto promosso dall’Università di Firenze è finanziato dalla Regione Toscana e patrocinato da New York Public Library, Council for At-Risk Academics, e J. Calandra Italian American Institute.

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Publication year: 2019

ISSN online: 2704-5986

e-ISBN: 978-88-6453-872-3

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

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Content licence: CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence: CC0 1.0

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Publication year: 2019

ISSN online: 2704-5986

e-ISBN: 978-88-9273-065-6

DOI: 10.36253/978-88-6453-872-3

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© 2019 Author(s)
Content licence CC BY 4.0
Metadata licence CC0 1.0

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